Em formação

USS Atlanta CL-104 - História


USS Atlanta CL-104

Atlanta

4

(CL-104: dp. 14.400; 1. 610'1 "; b. 66'4"; dr. 24'10 "; s. 31,6 k .; cpl. 1.426; a. 12 6", 12 5 ", 28 40 mm., 10 20 mm; cl. Cleveland)

A quarta Atlanta (CL-104) foi construída em 25 de janeiro de 1943 em Camden, N.J., pela New York Shipbuilding Corp .; lançado em 6 de fevereiro de 1944; patrocinado pela Sra. John R. Marsh, autor de E o Vento Levou, que também patrocinou o cruzador Atlanta (CL-51); e comissionado em 3 de dezembro de 1944, Capitão B. H. Colyear no comando.

Após o comissionamento, o cruzador ligeiro foi lançado em 5 de janeiro de 1945 para um treinamento de shakedown na Baía de Chesapeake e no Caribe. Após a conclusão desses exercícios, Atlanta chegou a Norfolk em 14 de fevereiro e, em seguida, mudou-se para a costa da Filadélfia. Depois de um período no estaleiro da Marinha, ela partiu em 27 de março para o Pacífico. Ela parou na Baía de Guantánamo, em Cuba, e transitou pelo Canal do Panamá antes de chegar a Pearl Harbor em 18 de abril. De 19 de abril a 1º de maio, o navio realizou exercícios de treinamento em águas havaianas. Ela então navegou para Ulithi e relatou à Força-Tarefa (TF) 58 em 12 de maio.

De 22 a 27 de maio, Atlanta serviu na Fast Carrier Task Force operando ao sul do Japão perto de Okinawa, enquanto suas aeronaves atingiam alvos no Ryukyus e em Kyushu para apoiar as forças que lutavam por Okinawa. Seu grupo de trabalho se desfez em 13 de junho e Atlanta entrou na baía de San Pedro, nas Filipinas, em 14 de junho. Após duas semanas de manutenção, ele navegou em 1º de julho com o Grupo de Tarefa (TG) 38.1 e mais uma vez protegeu os porta-aviões rápidos em ataques contra alvos nas ilhas japonesas. Durante essas operações, o cruzador participou de várias missões de bombardeio em terra contra Honshu e Hokkaido.

Atlanta estava operando na costa de Honshu quando os japoneses se renderam em 15 de agosto de 1945. Em 16 de setembro, ela entrou na baía de Tóquio e lá permaneceu até 29 de setembro.

Com mais de 500 passageiros a bordo, o cruzador partiu em 30 de setembro para os Estados Unidos. Ela fez uma pausa no trajeto em Guam antes de chegar a Seattle, Washington, em 24 de outubro. O navio então seguiu para o estaleiro em Terminal Island, Califórnia, para uma ampla revisão. Ela estava pronta para retornar ao mar em 3 de janeiro de 1946 e partiu para Sasebo, Japão.

De janeiro a junho, Atlanta operou entre vários portos do Extremo Oriente, que incluíam Manila, nas Filipinas; Tsingtao e Xangai, China; Okinawa; Saipan; Nagasaki, Kagoshima e Yokosuka, Japão. Em junho, ela voltou via Guam para os Estados Unidos e chegou a San Pedro, Califórnia, no dia 27. Dois dias depois, o cruzador entrou no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco para uma revisão. Em 8 de outubro, ela se dirigiu a San Diego para testes de mar.

O cruzador permaneceu nas águas do sul da Califórnia até 23 de fevereiro de 1947, quando partiu para manobras ao largo do Havaí. Em 1º de maio, ela partiu de Pearl Harbor com TF 38 para uma visita à Austrália. Os navios permaneceram em Sydney até 27 de maio, depois navegaram para San Pedro, Califórnia, via Mar de Coral, Guadalcanal, Tulagi e Guam. Ela ancorou em San Pedro em 28 de julho. Seguiu-se uma série de manobras na costa da Califórnia, o Atlanta retornou a Pearl Harbor em 28 de setembro. Ela continuou para Yokosuka, Japão. Depois de dois dias ancorado lá, ela navegou para Tsingtao, na China. Outros portos de escala durante a implantação foram Hong Kong; Cingapura; e Keelung, China. Em 27 de abril de 1948, o cruzador arrancou e prosseguiu via Kwajalein e Pearl Harbor para San Diego.

Após sua chegada aos Estados Unidos em 19 de maio, Atlanta conduziu exercícios na costa de San Diego. Ela fez uma visita a Juneau, Alasca, de 29 de junho a 6 de julho. Ela então chegou a Seattle em 12 de julho para iniciar uma grande reforma. O cruzador voltou a San Diego para manobras locais em 20 de novembro.

No início de fevereiro de 1949, o navio embarcou reservistas navais para um cruzeiro de treinamento e operou entre San Diego e San Francisco até 1º de março, quando ela entrou no Estaleiro Naval da Ilha Mare para iniciar a desativação. Atlanta foi desativada em 1º de julho de 1949 e colocada na Frota da Reserva do Pacífico. Seu nome foi retirado da lista da Marinha em 1º de outubro de 1962, e ela foi marcada para ser descartada.

A carreira de Atlanta, no entanto, ainda não havia terminado. Em vez disso, ela passou por uma ampla modificação no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco. Reintegrado na lista da Marinha como IX-304 em 15 de maio de 1964, o navio foi convertido em um navio-alvo para estudos dos efeitos de explosões aéreas de alta energia em navios da Marinha. As mudanças incluíram cortar seu casco até o nível do convés principal e erguer várias superestruturas experimentais - projetadas para fragatas de mísseis guiados e destruidores de mísseis guiados - em seu convés. Nessas configurações, ela foi submetida a explosões para determinar se as estruturas experimentais podiam ou não combinar satisfatoriamente leveza essencial com força e resistência à explosão igualmente essenciais. Esses três testes foram conduzidos na costa de Kahoolawe, Havaí, no início de 1965. Atlanta foi danificada, mas não afundada, pelos experimentos. Ela foi detida em Stockton, Califórnia, no final de 1965. Seu nome foi novamente retirado da lista da Marinha em 1 ° de abril de 1970, e o antigo cruzador ligeiro foi afundado durante um teste explosivo na Ilha de San Clemente, Califórnia, em 1 de outubro de 1970 .

Atlanta (CL-104) ganhou duas estrelas de batalha por seu serviço na Primeira Guerra Mundial.


O navio foi largado em 25 de janeiro de 1943 em Camden, New Jersey, pela New York Shipbuilding Corporation, lançado em 6 de fevereiro de 1944, patrocinado por Margaret Mitchell (autora de E o Vento Levou , que também patrocinou o USS & # 160 anterior Atlanta), e comissionado em 3 de dezembro de 1944, Capitão B. H. Colyear no comando. [1]

Segunda Guerra Mundial

Após o comissionamento, o cruzador ligeiro foi lançado em 5 de janeiro de 1945 para um treinamento de shakedown na Baía de Chesapeake e no Caribe. Após a conclusão desses exercícios, Atlanta chegou a Norfolk, Virgínia, em 14 de fevereiro e depois mudou-se para a costa da Filadélfia. Depois de um período no estaleiro da Marinha, ela partiu em 27 de março para o Pacífico. Ela parou na Baía de Guantánamo, em Cuba, e transitou pelo Canal do Panamá antes de chegar a Pearl Harbor em 18 de abril. De 19 de abril a 1º de maio, o navio realizou exercícios de treinamento em águas havaianas. Ela então navegou para Ulithi e apresentou um relatório à Força-Tarefa 58 em 12 de maio. [1]

De 22 e # 821127 de maio, Atlanta serviu com a Força-Tarefa Fast Carrier operando ao sul do Japão perto de Okinawa enquanto as aeronaves dos porta-aviões atacavam alvos nas Ilhas Ryukyu e em Ky & # 363sh & # 363 para apoiar as forças que lutavam por Okinawa. Seu grupo de trabalho se desfez em 13 de junho, e Atlanta entrou na baía de San Pedro, Leyte, Filipinas, em 14 de junho. Após duas semanas de manutenção, ele navegou em 1º de julho com o Grupo de Tarefa 38.1 e mais uma vez protegeu os porta-aviões rápidos lançando ataques contra alvos nas ilhas japonesas. Durante essas operações, o cruzador participou de várias missões de bombardeio em terra contra Honsh & # 363 e Hokkaid & # 333. [1]

Atlanta estava operando na costa de Honsh & # 363 quando os japoneses se renderam em 15 de agosto de 1945. Em 16 de setembro, ela entrou na Baía de Tóquio e lá permaneceu até 29 de setembro. [1]

Pós-guerra

Com mais de 500 passageiros a bordo, o cruzador partiu em 30 de setembro para os Estados Unidos. Ela fez uma pausa no trajeto em Guam antes de chegar a Seattle, Washington, em 24 de outubro. A embarcação então seguiu para o estaleiro em Terminal Island, Califórnia, para uma ampla revisão. Ela estava pronta para retornar ao mar em 3 de janeiro de 1946 e partiu para Sasebo, Japão. [1]

De janeiro a junho, Atlanta operava entre vários portos do Extremo Oriente, que incluíam Manila, Filipinas Tsingtao e Xangai, China Okinawa Saipan Nagasaki, Kagoshima e Yokosuka, Japão. Em junho, ela voltou via Guam para os Estados Unidos e chegou a San Pedro, Califórnia, em 27 de junho. Dois dias depois, o cruzador entrou no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco para uma revisão. Em 8 de outubro, ela se dirigiu a San Diego para testes de mar. [1]

O cruzador permaneceu nas águas do sul da Califórnia até 23 de fevereiro de 1947, quando partiu para manobras ao largo do Havaí. Em 1º de maio, ela partiu de Pearl Harbor com TF 38 para uma visita à Austrália. Os navios permaneceram em Sydney até 27 de maio, depois navegaram para San Pedro, via Mar de Coral, Guadalcanal, Tulagi e Guam. Ela ancorou em San Pedro em 28 de julho. Uma série de manobras na costa da Califórnia se seguiu, Atlanta voltou a Pearl Harbor em 28 de setembro. Ela continuou para Yokosuka, Japão. Depois de dois dias ancorado lá, ela navegou para Tsingtao, na China. Outros portos de escala durante a implantação foram Hong Kong, Cingapura e Keelung, na China. Em 27 de abril de 1948, o cruzador arrancou e prosseguiu via Kwajalein e Pearl Harbor para San Diego. [1]

Após sua chegada aos Estados Unidos em 19 de maio, Atlanta conduziu exercícios fora de San Diego. Ela fez uma visita a Juneau, Alasca, de 29 de junho a 6 de julho. Ela então chegou a Seattle em 12 de julho para iniciar uma grande reforma. O cruzador voltou a San Diego para manobras locais em 20 de novembro. [1]

Como um navio de teste de efeitos de armas convertido em 1964

No início de fevereiro de 1949, o navio embarcou reservistas navais para um cruzeiro de treinamento e operou entre San Diego e San Francisco até 1º de março, quando entrou no Estaleiro Naval da Ilha Mare para iniciar a desativação. Atlanta foi desativado em 1 de julho de 1949 e colocado na Frota de Reserva do Pacífico. Seu nome foi retirado do Registro de Embarcações Navais em 1 de outubro de 1962, e ela foi destinada para eliminação. [1]

Operação "Chapéu de Marinheiro". Detonação da carga explosiva TNT de 500 toneladas para Shot "Bravo", a primeira de uma série de três explosões de teste na ponta sudoeste da Ilha de Kahoolawe, Havaí, 6 de fevereiro de 1965

Atlanta a carreira de ainda não havia terminado, no entanto. Ela passou por uma ampla modificação no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco. Reintegrado na lista da Marinha como IX-304 em 15 de maio de 1964, a embarcação foi convertida em navio-alvo para estudos dos efeitos de explosões aéreas de alta energia em navios de guerra. As mudanças incluíram cortar seu casco até o nível do convés principal e erguer várias superestruturas experimentais, projetadas para fragatas de mísseis guiados e destruidores de mísseis guiados, em seu convés. Nessas configurações, ela foi submetida a explosões para determinar se as estruturas experimentais podiam ou não combinar de forma satisfatória a leveza essencial com a força e resistência à explosão igualmente essenciais. Esses três testes foram conduzidos na costa de Kahoolawe, Havaí, no início de 1965, conhecida como Operação Chapéu de Marinheiro. Atlanta foi danificado, mas não afundado, pelos experimentos. Ela foi deixada em Stockton, Califórnia, em algum momento do final de 1965. Seu nome foi novamente retirado do Registro em 1 de abril de 1970, e ela foi afundada durante um teste explosivo na Ilha de San Clemente em 1 de outubro de 1970. [1]


Conteúdo

Segunda Guerra Mundial

Após o comissionamento, o cruzador ligeiro foi lançado em 5 de janeiro de 1945 para um treinamento de shakedown na Baía de Chesapeake e no Caribe. Após a conclusão desses exercícios, Atlanta chegou a Norfolk, Virgínia, em 14 de fevereiro, e depois mudou-se para a costa da Filadélfia. Depois de um período no estaleiro da Marinha, ela partiu em 27 de março para o Pacífico. Ela parou na Baía de Guantánamo, em Cuba, e transitou pelo Canal do Panamá antes de chegar a Pearl Harbor em 18 de abril. De 19 de abril a 1º de maio, o navio realizou exercícios de treinamento em águas havaianas. Ela então navegou para Ulithi e apresentou um relatório à Força-Tarefa 58 em 12 de maio.

De 22 a 27 de maio, Atlanta serviu com a Força-Tarefa Fast Carrier operando ao sul do Japão perto de Okinawa enquanto as aeronaves dos porta-aviões atacavam alvos nas Ilhas Ryukyu e em Kyūshū para apoiar as forças que lutavam por Okinawa. Seu grupo de trabalho se desfez em 13 de junho, e Atlanta entrou na baía de San Pedro, Leyte, Filipinas, em 14 de junho. Após duas semanas de manutenção, ele navegou em 1 ° de julho com o Grupo de Trabalho 38.1 e mais uma vez protegeu os porta-aviões rápidos lançando ataques contra alvos nas ilhas japonesas. Durante essas operações, o cruzador participou de várias missões de bombardeio em terra contra Honshū e Hokkaidō.

Atlanta estava operando na costa de Honshu quando os japoneses se renderam em 15 de agosto de 1945. Em 16 de setembro, ela entrou na baía de Tóquio e lá permaneceu até 29 de setembro.

Pós-guerra

Com mais de 500 passageiros a bordo, o cruzador partiu em 30 de setembro para os Estados Unidos. Ela fez uma pausa no trajeto em Guam antes de chegar a Seattle, Washington, em 24 de outubro. O navio então seguiu para o estaleiro em Terminal Island, Califórnia, para uma ampla revisão. Ela estava pronta para retornar ao mar em 3 de janeiro de 1946 e partiu para Sasebo, Japão.

De janeiro a junho, Atlanta operava entre vários portos do Extremo Oriente, que incluíam Manila, Filipinas Tsingtao e Xangai, China Okinawa Saipan Nagasaki, Kagoshima e Yokosuka, Japão. Em junho, ela voltou via Guam para os Estados Unidos e chegou a San Pedro, na Califórnia, no dia 27. Dois dias depois, o cruzador entrou no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco para uma revisão. Em 8 de outubro, ela se dirigiu a San Diego para testes de mar.

O cruzador permaneceu nas águas do sul da Califórnia até 23 de fevereiro de 1947, quando partiu para manobras ao largo do Havaí. Em 1º de maio, ela partiu de Pearl Harbor com TF 38 para uma visita à Austrália. Os navios permaneceram em Sydney até 27 de maio, depois navegaram para San Pedro, via Mar de Coral, Guadalcanal, Tulagi e Guam. Ela ancorou em San Pedro em 28 de julho. Uma série de manobras na costa da Califórnia se seguiu, o Atlanta voltou a Pearl Harbor em 28 de setembro. Ela continuou para Yokosuka, Japão. Depois de dois dias ancorado lá, ela navegou para Tsingtao, na China. Outros portos de escala durante a implantação foram Hong Kong, Cingapura e Keelung, na China. Em 27 de abril de 1948, o cruzador arrancou e prosseguiu via Kwajalein e Pearl Harbor para San Diego.

Após sua chegada aos Estados Unidos em 19 de maio, Atlanta conduziu exercícios fora de San Diego. Ela fez uma visita a Juneau, Alasca, de 29 de junho a 6 de julho. Ela então chegou a Seattle em 12 de julho para iniciar uma grande reforma. O cruzador voltou a San Diego para manobras locais em 20 de novembro.

No início de fevereiro de 1949, o navio embarcou reservistas navais para um cruzeiro de treinamento e operou entre San Diego e San Francisco até 1º de março, quando ela entrou no Estaleiro Naval da Ilha Mare para iniciar a desativação. Atlanta foi desativado em 1 de julho de 1949 e colocado na Frota de Reserva do Pacífico. Seu nome foi retirado do Registro de Embarcações Navais em 1 de outubro de 1962, e ela foi destinada para eliminação.

Atlanta a carreira de ainda não havia terminado, no entanto. Ela passou por uma extensa modificação no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco. Reintegrado na lista da Marinha como IX-304 em 15 de maio de 1964, a embarcação foi convertida em navio-alvo para estudos dos efeitos de explosões aéreas de alta energia em navios de guerra. As mudanças incluíram cortar seu casco até o nível do convés principal e erguer várias superestruturas experimentais, projetadas para fragatas de mísseis guiados e destruidores de mísseis guiados, em seu convés. Nessas configurações, ela foi submetida a explosões para determinar se as estruturas experimentais podiam ou não combinar satisfatoriamente leveza essencial com força e resistência à explosão igualmente essenciais. Esses três testes foram conduzidos na costa de Kahoolawe, Havaí, no início de 1965, conhecida como Operação Chapéu de Marinheiro. Atlanta foi danificado, mas não afundado, pelos experimentos. Ela foi detida em Stockton, Califórnia, no final de 1965. Seu nome foi novamente retirado do Registro em 1 de abril de 1970 e ela foi afundada durante um teste explosivo na Ilha de San Clemente em 1 de outubro de 1970.


ATLANTA CL 104

Esta seção lista os nomes e designações que o navio teve durante sua vida útil. A lista está em ordem cronológica.

    Cleveland Class Light Cruiser
    Keel lançado em 25 de janeiro de 1943 - lançado em 6 de fevereiro de 1944

Capas navais

Esta seção lista links ativos para as páginas que exibem capas associadas ao navio. Deve haver um conjunto separado de páginas para cada nome do navio (por exemplo, Bushnell AG-32 / Sumner AGS-5 são nomes diferentes para o mesmo navio, então deve haver um conjunto de páginas para Bushnell e um conjunto para Sumner) . As capas devem ser apresentadas em ordem cronológica (ou da melhor forma possível).

Como um navio pode ter muitas capas, elas podem ser divididas em várias páginas para que não demore para carregar as páginas. Cada link de página deve ser acompanhado por um intervalo de datas para as capas dessa página.

Carimbos

Esta seção lista exemplos de carimbos postais usados ​​pelo navio. Deve haver um conjunto separado de carimbos postais para cada nome e / ou período de comissionamento. Em cada conjunto, os carimbos postais devem ser listados em ordem de seu tipo de classificação. Se mais de um carimbo postal tiver a mesma classificação, eles devem ser posteriormente classificados pela data de uso mais antigo conhecido.

O carimbo postal não deve ser incluído, a menos que seja acompanhado por uma imagem em close-up e / ou a imagem de uma capa mostrando esse carimbo. Os intervalos de datas DEVEM ser baseados SOMENTE NAS CAPAS NO MUSEU e devem mudar à medida que mais capas são adicionadas.
 
& gt & gt & gt Se você tiver um exemplo melhor para qualquer um dos carimbos postais, sinta-se à vontade para substituir o exemplo existente.


Conteúdo

Segunda Guerra Mundial

Após o comissionamento, o cruzador ligeiro foi lançado em 5 de janeiro de 1945 para um treinamento de shakedown na Baía de Chesapeake e no Caribe. Após a conclusão desses exercícios, Atlanta chegou a Norfolk, Virgínia, em 14 de fevereiro, e depois mudou-se para a costa da Filadélfia. Depois de um período no estaleiro da Marinha, ela partiu em 27 de março para o Pacífico. Ela parou na Baía de Guantánamo, em Cuba, e transitou pelo Canal do Panamá antes de chegar a Pearl Harbor em 18 de abril. De 19 de abril a 1º de maio, o navio realizou exercícios de treinamento em águas havaianas. Ela então navegou para Ulithi e relatou à Força-Tarefa 58 em 12 de maio. [1]

De 22 a 27 de maio, Atlanta serviu com a Força-Tarefa Fast Carrier operando ao sul do Japão perto de Okinawa enquanto as aeronaves dos porta-aviões atacavam alvos nas Ilhas Ryukyu e em Kyūshū para apoiar as forças que lutavam por Okinawa. Seu grupo de trabalho se desfez em 13 de junho, e Atlanta entrou na baía de San Pedro, Leyte, Filipinas, em 14 de junho. Após duas semanas de manutenção, ele navegou em 1 ° de julho com o Grupo de Trabalho 38.1 e mais uma vez protegeu os porta-aviões rápidos lançando ataques contra alvos nas ilhas japonesas. Durante essas operações, o cruzador participou de várias missões de bombardeio em terra contra Honshū e Hokkaidō. [1]

Atlanta estava operando na costa de Honshu quando os japoneses se renderam em 15 de agosto de 1945. Em 16 de setembro, ela entrou na baía de Tóquio e lá permaneceu até 29 de setembro. [1]

Pós-guerra

Com mais de 500 passageiros a bordo, o cruzador partiu em 30 de setembro para os Estados Unidos. Ela fez uma pausa no trajeto em Guam antes de chegar a Seattle, Washington, em 24 de outubro. O navio então seguiu para o estaleiro em Terminal Island, Califórnia, para uma ampla revisão. Ela estava pronta para voltar ao mar em 3 de janeiro de 1946 e partiu para Sasebo, Japão. [1]

De janeiro a junho, Atlanta operava entre vários portos do Extremo Oriente, que incluíam Manila, Filipinas Tsingtao e Xangai, China Okinawa Saipan Nagasaki, Kagoshima e Yokosuka, Japão. Em junho, ela voltou via Guam para os Estados Unidos e chegou a San Pedro, Califórnia, em 27 de junho. Dois dias depois, o cruzador entrou no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco para uma revisão. Em 8 de outubro, ela se dirigiu a San Diego para testes de mar. [1]

O cruzador permaneceu nas águas do sul da Califórnia até 23 de fevereiro de 1947, quando partiu para manobras ao largo do Havaí. Em 1º de maio, ela partiu de Pearl Harbor com TF 38 para uma visita à Austrália. Os navios permaneceram em Sydney até 27 de maio, depois navegaram para San Pedro, via Mar de Coral, Guadalcanal, Tulagi e Guam. Ela ancorou em San Pedro em 28 de julho. Uma série de manobras na costa da Califórnia se seguiu, Atlanta voltou a Pearl Harbor em 28 de setembro. Ela continuou para Yokosuka, Japão. Depois de dois dias ancorado lá, ela navegou para Tsingtao, na China. Outros portos de escala durante a implantação foram Hong Kong, Cingapura e Keelung, na China. Em 27 de abril de 1948, o cruzador arrancou e prosseguiu via Kwajalein e Pearl Harbor para San Diego. [1]

Após sua chegada aos Estados Unidos em 19 de maio, Atlanta conduziu exercícios fora de San Diego. Ela fez uma visita a Juneau, Alasca, de 29 de junho a 6 de julho. Ela então chegou a Seattle em 12 de julho para iniciar uma grande reforma. O cruzador voltou a San Diego para manobras locais em 20 de novembro. [1]

No início de fevereiro de 1949, o navio embarcou reservistas navais para um cruzeiro de treinamento e operou entre San Diego e San Francisco até 1º de março, quando entrou no Estaleiro Naval da Ilha Mare para iniciar a desativação. Atlanta foi desativado em 1 de julho de 1949 e colocado na Frota de Reserva do Pacífico. Seu nome foi retirado do Registro de Embarcações Navais em 1 de outubro de 1962, e ela foi marcada para o descarte. [1]

Atlanta a carreira de ainda não havia terminado, no entanto. Ela passou por uma ampla modificação no Estaleiro Naval de São Francisco. Reintegrado na lista da Marinha como IX-304 em 15 de maio de 1964, a embarcação foi convertida em navio-alvo para estudos dos efeitos de explosões aéreas de alta energia em navios de guerra. As mudanças incluíram cortar seu casco até o nível do convés principal e erguer várias superestruturas experimentais, projetadas para fragatas de mísseis guiados e destruidores de mísseis guiados, em seu convés. Nessas configurações, ela foi submetida a explosões para determinar se as estruturas experimentais podiam ou não combinar satisfatoriamente leveza essencial com força e resistência à explosão igualmente essenciais. Esses três testes foram conduzidos na costa de Kahoolawe, Havaí, no início de 1965, conhecida como Operação Chapéu de Marinheiro. Atlanta foi danificado, mas não afundado, pelos experimentos. Ela foi deixada em Stockton, Califórnia, em algum momento do final de 1965. Seu nome foi novamente retirado do Registro em 1 de abril de 1970, e ela foi afundada durante um teste explosivo na Ilha de San Clemente em 1 de outubro de 1970. [1]


ยูเอส แอตแลนตา (CL-104)

    ถัง: CL-104 ถัง: IX-304: NBDZ
  • 11.744 ตัน ยาว (11.932 ตัน) (มาตรฐาน)
  • 14.131 ตัน ยาว (14.358 ตัน) (สูงสุด)
  • 610 ฟุต 1 (185,95 เมตร) oa
  • 608 ฟุต (185 ม.) หน้า
  • 25 ฟุต 6 นิ้ว (7,77 ม.) (ค่า เฉลี่ย)
  • 25 ฟุต (7,6 ม.) (สูงสุด)
  • หม้อ ไอ น้ำ 4 × 634 psi
  • 100.000 แรงม้า (75.000 กิโล วัตต์)
  • กังหัน เกียร์ 4 ×
  • 4 × ส กรู
  • 4 × triplo 150 mm (6 pol.) / 47 ลำกล้อง ปืน Mark 16
  • ปืน ต่อต้าน อากาศยาน 6 × dual 5 นิ้ว (130 ม ม.) / 38 ลำกล้อง
  • ปืน ต่อสู้ อากาศยาน Bofors 4 × quad 40 ม ม. (1,6 นิ้ว)
  • 6 × dual 40 ม ม. (1,6 นิ้ว) Bofors ปืน ต่อต้าน อากาศยาน
  • ปืน ใหญ่ ต่อต้าน อากาศยาน ขนาด 10 × 20 ม ม. (0,79 นิ้ว) Oerlikon
    : 3 + 1/2 -5 ใน (89-127 ม ม): 2 นิ้ว (51 ม ม.): 6 นิ้ว (150 ม ม.): 1
  • + 1/2 -6 ใน (38-152 ม ม): 2
  • + 1/4 -5 ใน (57-127 ม ม)

เรือ ลำ นี้ วาง ลง เมื่อ วัน ที่ 25 มกราคม พ.ศ. 2486 ที่ แคม เดน รัฐ นิวเจอร์ซี ย์ โดย New York Shipbuilding Corporation เปิด ตัว เมื่อ วัน ที่ 6 กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2487 ได้ รับ การ สนับสนุน จาก Margaret Mitchell (ผู้ เขียน E o Vento Levou ซึ่ง เป็น ผู้ สนับสนุน USS Atlanta ก่อน หน้า นี้) และ รับ หน้าที่ เมื่อ วัน ที่ 3 ธันวาคม พ.ศ. 2487 กัปตัน BH Colyear อยู่ ใน บังคับบัญชา [1]

สงครามโลก ครั้ง ที่ สอง

หลังจาก การ ว่าจ้าง เรือ ลาดตระเวน แสง สัตย์ ซื่อ ใน 5 มกราคม 1945 สำหรับ การ ฝึก อบรม ปอกลอก ใน Baía de Chesapeake และ แคริบเบียน เมื่อ เสร็จ สิ้น การ ออกกำลัง กาย เหล่า นั้น แอตแลนตา มา ถึง ที่ เวอร์จิเนีย เมื่อ เมื่อ วัน ที่ 14 เดือน กุมภาพันธ์ และ จาก นั้น ก็ เดิน ขึ้น ฝั่ง ไป เด ล เฟี ย หลังจาก หลังจาก ช่วง เวลา หนึ่ง หนึ่ง สนาม ของ กองทัพ กองทัพ เรือ ที่ นั่น เธอ ล่อง เรือ ใน วัน วัน ที่ 27 มีนาคม เพื่อ ไป ยัง มหาสมุทร แปซิฟิก เธอ แวะ อ่าว กวน ตา นา โม ประเทศ ประเทศ คิวบา และ ข้าม คลอง ปานามา ปานามา ก่อน ถึง เพิ ร์ ล ฮา ร์ เบอร์ ใน วัน ที่ 18 เมษายน ตั้งแต่ วัน ที่ 19 เมษายน ถึง 1 พฤษภาคม เรือ ได้ ทำการ ฝึก ซ้อม ใน น่านน้ำ น่านน้ำ ฮาวาย จาก นั้น เธอ ก็ ล่อง เรือ วัน ที่ ยัง Ulithi และ ไป ยัง Força-Tarefa 58 ใน วัน ที่ 12 พฤษภาคม [1]

ตั้งแต่ วัน ที่ 22–27 พฤษภาคม แอ ต แลน ต้า ทำ หน้าที่ ร่วม กับ หน่วย ปฏิบัติการ Fast Carrier ที่ ปฏิบัติการ ทาง ตอน ใต้ ของ ญี่ปุ่น ใกล้ โอกินาวา ใน ขณะ ที่ เครื่องบิน ของ ผู้ ให้ ให้ บริการ โจมตี เป้าหมาย ใน หมู่ เกาะ เกาะ ริวกิว และ บน เกาะ Kyūshū เพื่อ สนับสนุน กอง กำลัง ที่ ต่อสู้ เพื่อ โอ กิ นา ว่า กลุ่ม กลุ่ม เลิก กัน ใน วัน ที่ 13 มิถุนายน และ แอ ต แลน ต้า เข้า สู่ San Pedro Bay, Leyte, Filipinas ใน วัน ที่ 14 มิถุนายน หลังจาก สอง สัปดาห์ ของ การ ดูแล รักษา เธอ ได้ ออก เดินทาง ใน วัน ที่ 1 กรกฎาคม ด้วย Grupo de tarefas 38.1 และ อีก ครั้ง ปกป้อง สาย การ บิน ที่ ที่ รวดเร็ว ใน การ โจมตี ใน วัน ที่ 1 กรกฎาคม ด้วย Grupo de tarefas 38.1 บ้าน เกิด ของ ญี่ปุ่น ใน ใน ระหว่าง การ ดำเนิน งาน เหล่า นี้ เรือ ลาดตระเวน เข้า มา มี ส่วน ใน หลาย ภารกิจ โจมตี ฝั่ง ฝั่ง กับ เกาะ ฮ น ชู และ ฮอกไกโด [1]

แอ ต แลน ต้า ปฏิบัติการ นอก ชายฝั่ง ฮอนชู เมื่อ ญี่ปุ่น ยอม จำนน ใน วัน ที่ 15 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2488 ใน วัน ที่ 16 กันยายน เธอ เข้าไป ใน อ่าว โตเกียว และ อยู่ ที่ นั่น จนถึง วัน ที่ 29 กันยายน [1]

หลัง สงคราม

ด้วย ผู้โดยสาร กว่า 500 คน บน เรือ เรือ ลาดตระเวน ใน วัน วัน ที่ 30 กันยายน สำหรับ สหรัฐอเมริกา เธอ หยุด พัก ระหว่าง ทาง ที่ กวม ก่อน จะ มา มา ถึง ซี แอ ต เทิ ล วอชิงตัน ใน วัน ที่ 24 ตุลาคม จาก จาก นั้น เรือ ก็ เดินทาง ต่อ ไป ยัง อู่ ต่อ ที่ Terminal Island รัฐ แคลิฟอร์เนีย เพื่อ ทำการ ยกเครื่อง ครั้ง ใหญ่ เธอ พร้อม ที่ จะ กลับ สู่ ทะเล ใน วัน ที่ 3 มกราคม พ.ศ. 2489 และ เดินทาง ไป ยัง เมือง ซา เซ โบะ ประเทศ ญี่ปุ่น [1]

ตั้งแต่ เดือน มกราคม ถึง เดือน มิถุนายน แอ ต แลน ต้า ดำเนิน การ ระหว่าง ท่าเรือ ตะวันออกไกล หลาย แห่ง ซึ่ง รวม ถึง มะนิลา ฟิลิปปินส์ Tsingtao และ Xangai, China โอ กิ นา ว่า ไซปัน นา งา ซา กิ, คา โก ชิ มา มา และ โย โกะ สึ กะ ญี่ปุ่น ใน เดือน มิถุนายน เธอ เดินทาง และ มา มา ถึง ซาน เป โดร แคลิฟอร์เนีย แคลิฟอร์เนีย ใน วัน ที่ 27 มิถุนายน สอง วัน ต่อ มา เรือ ลาดตระเวน เข้า อู่ ทหาร เรือ ซาน ฟ ราน ซิ ส ส โก ยกเครื่อง ยกเครื่อง เมื่อ วัน ที่ 8 ตุลาคม เธอ มุ่ง หน้า ไป ยัง ซาน ดิ เอ โก เพื่อ ทดลอง ทาง ทะเล [1]

เรือ ลาดตระเวน ยัง คง อยู่ ใน น่านน้ำ ทาง ตอน ใต้ ของ แคลิฟอร์เนีย จนถึง วัน ที่ 23 กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2490 เมื่อ เธอ ออก เดินทาง เดินทาง เพื่อ ซ้อม รบ นอก ฮาวาย เมื่อ วัน วัน ที่ 1 พฤษภาคม เธอ เดินทาง ออก จาก เพิ ร์ ล ฮา ร์ เบอร์ ด้วย TF 38 เพื่อ ไป เยือน ออสเตรเลีย เรือ เรือ อยู่ ใน ซิดนีย์ ผ่าน วัน ที่ ที่ 27 พฤษภาคม จาก นั้น เดินทาง ไป ซาน เป โดร ปะการัง ทะเล, คา นา, ลา กี และ กวม เธอ ทิ้ง สมอ ที่ ซาน เป โดร เมื่อ วัน ที่ 28 กรกฎาคม เกิด การ ซ้อม รบ นอก ชายฝั่ง แคลิฟอร์เนีย หลาย ครั้ง แอ ต แลน ต้า กลับ ไป ที่ เพิ ร์ ร์ ล ฮา ร์ เบอร์ เมื่อ วัน ที่ ที่ 28 กันยายน เธอ เดินทาง ต่อ ไป ยัง ยัง โย โก สุ กะ ประเทศ ญี่ปุ่น ญี่ปุ่น หลังจาก ทอดสมอ อยู่ ที่ นั่น สอง สอง วัน เธอ ก็ ล่อง เรือ ไป ยัง ยัง เมือง ชิง เต่า ประเทศ จีน พอร์ต การ โทร อื่น ๆ ๆ การ ติด ตั้ง คือ ฮ่องกง สิงคโปร์ และ Keelung ประเทศ จีน วัน ที่ 27 เมษายน 1948 เรือ ลาดตระเวน สัตย์ ซื่อ และ ดำเนิน การ ผ่าน ผ่าน ค วา และ อ่าว เพิ ร์ ล ซาน ดิ เอ โก [1]

หลังจาก เธอ กลับ มา ถึง สหรัฐอเมริกา ใน วัน ที่ 19 พฤษภาคม แอ ต แลน ต้า ได้ทำการฝึกซ้อมนอกเมืองซานดิเอโก เธอไปเยี่ยม จูโนรัฐอะแลสกา ตั้งแต่วันที่ 29 มิถุนายนถึง 6 กรกฎาคม จากนั้นเธอก็มาถึงซีแอตเทิลในวันที่ 12 กรกฎาคมเพื่อเริ่มการยกเครื่องครั้งใหญ่ เรือลาดตระเวนกลับไปที่ซานดิเอโกเพื่อซ้อมรบในท้องถิ่นเมื่อวันที่ 20 พฤศจิกายน [1]

ในช่วงต้นเดือนกุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2492 เรือได้เริ่มให้กองหนุนทางเรือสำหรับการฝึกล่องเรือและดำเนินการระหว่างซานดิเอโกและซานฟรานซิสโกจนถึงวันที่ 1 มีนาคมเมื่อเธอเข้าไปใน อู่ต่อเรือนาวีเกาะมาเร เพื่อเริ่มการปิดการใช้งาน แอตแลนตา ถูกปลดประจำการในวันที่ 1 กรกฎาคม 1949 และอยู่ใน แปซิฟิกสำรองอย่างรวดเร็ว ชื่อของเธอถูกขีดฆ่าจาก ทะเบียนเรือเดินสมุทร เมื่อวันที่ 1 ตุลาคม พ.ศ. 2505 และเธอได้รับการจัดสรรเพื่อนำไปกำจัด [1]

แอตแลนตา ' อาชีพ s ยังไม่จบลงอย่างไร เธอได้รับการดัดแปลงครั้งใหญ่ที่อู่ทหารเรือซานฟรานซิสโก ได้รับการคืนสถานะให้อยู่ในรายชื่อกองทัพเรือเป็น IX-304 เมื่อวันที่ 15 พฤษภาคม พ.ศ. 2507 เรือได้รับการดัดแปลงเป็น เรือเป้าหมาย เพื่อศึกษาผลกระทบของการระเบิดทางอากาศที่มีพลังงานสูงต่อเรือเดินสมุทร การเปลี่ยนแปลงดังกล่าวรวมถึงการตัดตัวถังของเธอลงไปที่ระดับดาดฟ้าหลักและการสร้างโครงสร้างพิเศษสำหรับการทดลองต่างๆซึ่งออกแบบมาสำหรับ เรือรบจรวดนำวิถี และ เรือพิฆาตนำวิถี บนดาดฟ้าของเธอ ในการกำหนดค่าเหล่านี้เธอต้องเผชิญกับการระเบิดเพื่อตรวจสอบว่าโครงสร้างการทดลองสามารถรวมความสว่างที่จำเป็นเข้ากับความแข็งแรงและความต้านทานต่อแรงระเบิดที่จำเป็นเท่า ๆ กันได้หรือไม่ การทดสอบทั้งสามได้ดำเนินการนอกชายฝั่งของ Kahoolawe ฮาวายในช่วงต้นปี 1965 ที่รู้จักกันใน การดำเนินงานเซเลอร์หาดใหญ่ แอตแลนตา ได้รับความเสียหาย แต่ไม่จมลงจากการทดลอง เธอถูกวางไว้ที่ สต็อกตันแคลิฟอร์เนีย ในช่วงปลายปี 2508 ชื่อของเธอถูกทำลายอีกครั้งจากทะเบียนเมื่อวันที่ 1 เมษายน พ.ศ. 2513 และเธอก็จมลงในระหว่างการทดสอบระเบิดที่ เกาะซานเคลเมนเต เมื่อวันที่ 1 ตุลาคม พ.ศ. 2513 [1]

แอตแลนตา ได้รับสอง ดาวรบ จากการ รับราชการใน สงครามโลกครั้งที่สอง [1]

บทความ นี้ จะ รวม ข้อความ จาก สาธารณ พจนานุกรม ของ นาวิกโยธิน อเมริกัน ป เรือ รายการที่สามารถพบได้ ที่นี่


USS Atlanta CL-104 - History


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USS Atlanta (CL-104) of the United States Navy was a Cleveland-class light cruiser during World War II. She was the fourth Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia.

The ship was laid down on 25 January 1943 at Camden, New Jersey, by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, launched on 6 February 1944, sponsored by Margaret Mitchell (author of Gone with the Wind, who also sponsored the previous Atlanta CL-51), and commissioned on 3 December 1944, Captain B. H. Colyear in command.

After commissioning the light cruiser got underway on 5 January 1945 for shakedown training in the Chesapeake Bay and the Caribbean. Upon the completion of those exercises, Atlanta arrived at Norfolk, Virginia on 14 February and then moved up the coast to Philadelphia. After a period in the navy yard there, she sailed on 27 March for the Pacific. She stopped at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and transited the Panama Canal before reaching Pearl Harbor on 18 April. From 19 April to 1 May, the ship conducted training exercises in Hawaiian waters. She then sailed to Ulithi and reported to Task Force 58 on 12 May.

From 22 May to 27 May, Atlanta served with the Fast Carrier Task Force operating south of Japan near Okinawa while the carriers' aircraft struck targets in the Ryukyus and on Kyushu to support forces fighting for Okinawa. Her task group broke up on 13 June, and Atlanta entered San Pedro Bay, Leyte, Philippines, on 14 June. Following two weeks of upkeep, she sailed on 1 July with Task Group 38.1 and once again protected the fast carriers launching strikes against targets in the Japanese home islands. During these operations, the cruiser took part in several shore bombardment missions against Honshu and Hokkaido. The following ships participated in this bombardment on July 15, 1945. The battleships USS Missouri , USS Wisconsin, USS Iowa. The cruisers USS Dayton and USS Atlanta. The Destroyers of Desron 54, USS Remey, USS Norman Scott, USS Mertz, USS Monseen, USS McGowan, USS McNair and the USS Frank Knox. The USS Norman Scott was the name sake of Admiral Norman Scott killed at Guadlcanal aboard the first cruiser named USS Atlanta CL 51.

Atlanta was operating off the coast of Honshu when the Japanese surrendered on 15 August 1945. On 16 September, she entered Tokyo Bay and remained there through 29 September.

With over 500 passengers on board, the cruiser sailed on 30 September for the United States. She paused en route at Guam before arriving in Seattle, Washington, on 24 October. The vessel then proceeded to the shipyard at Terminal Island, California, for an extensive overhaul. She was ready to return to sea on 3 January 1946 and got underway for Sasebo, Japan.

From January through June, Atlanta operated among several Far Eastern ports which included Manila, Philippines Tsingtao and Shanghai, China Okinawa Saipan Nagasaki, Kagoshima, and Yokosuka, Japan. In June, she returned via Guam to the United States and arrived at San Pedro, California, on the 27th. Two days later, the cruiser entered the San Francisco Naval Shipyard for overhaul. On 8 October, she headed toward San Diego for sea trials.

The cruiser remained in southern California waters until 23 February 1947, when she left for maneuvers off Hawaii. On 1 May, she departed Pearl Harbor with TF 38 for a visit to Australia. The ships stayed in Sydney through 27 May, then sailed for San Pedro, via the Coral Sea, Guadalcanal, Tulagi, and Guam. She dropped anchor at San Pedro on 28 July. A series of maneuvers off the California coast ensued, the Atlanta returned to Pearl Harbor on 28 September. She continued on to Yokosuka, Japan. After two days at anchor there, she sailed to Tsingtao, China. Other ports of call during the deployment were Hong Kong Singapore and Keelung, China. On 27 April 1948, the cruiser got underway and proceeded via Kwajalein and Pearl Harbor to San Diego.

Following her arrival back in the United States on 19 May, Atlanta conducted exercises off San Diego. She paid a visit to Juneau, Alaska, from 29 June to 6 July. She then arrived at Seattle on 12 July to begin a major overhaul. The cruiser returned to San Diego for local maneuvers on 20 November.

In early February 1949, the ship embarked naval reservists for a training cruise and operated between San Diego and San Francisco until 1 March when she entered the Mare Island Naval Shipyard to commence deactivation. Atlanta was decommissioned on 1 July 1949 and placed in the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 1 October 1962, and she was earmarked for disposal.

Atlanta's career, however, had not yet ended. Instead, she underwent an extensive modification at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard. Reinstated on the Navy list as IX-304 on 15 May 1964, the vessel was converted to a target ship for studies of the effects of high energy air explosions on naval ships. The changes included cutting her hull down to the main deck level and erecting various experimental superstructures designed for guided missile frigates and guided missile destroyers on her deck. In these configurations she was subjected to explosions to determine whether or not the experimental structures could satisfactorily combine essential lightness with equally essential strength and blast resistance. These three tests were conducted off the coast of Kahoolawe, Hawaii, in early 1965. Atlanta was damaged, but not sunk, by the experiments. She was laid up at Stockton, California, sometime late in 1965. Her name was again struck from the Navy list on 1 April 1970, and the former light cruiser was sunk during an explosive test off San Clemente Island on 1 October 1970.


USS Atlanta CL-104 - History

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Lest We Forget: Richard Wainwright Atlanta (CL-104/IX-304)

On the night of 15 February 1898, USS Maine inexplicably exploded and sank to the bottom of Havana Harbor. The battleship had been sent to Cuba to "show the flag" in the midst of a worsening revolutionary situation that threatened the safety of U.S. citizens there. The cause of the explosion has never been determined though many theories have been offered, but at the time Spain was blamed, and this incendiary event touched off the Spanish-American War.

f the Spanish were indeed the perpetrators of this tragic event, subsequent events would indicate that they might well have hoped that one of the 266 killed in the explosion had been Maine's executive officer, Lieutenant Commander Richard Wainwright.

Once war was declared, Wainwright was given command of USS Gloucester, formerly tycoon J. P. Morgan's wooden yacht, Corsair. The former pleasure craft was hardly a formidable warship, displacing a mere 786 tons and armed with an array of 6-pounder and 3-pounder guns. But that would not prevent her from playing a significant role in one of the major sea battles of the war.


USS Catron (APA-71), 1944-1948

USS Catron, a 4,247-ton Gilliam-class attack transport, was built at Wilmington, California, and was commissioned in November 1944. She departed San Pedro, California, in January 1945 and, after conducting training, arrived at Ulithi in March to load troops and supplies for the assult on Okinawa. She participated in the initial assault on the island and then remained offshore for the next week, landing cargo as required to support the troops. She then returned to San Francisco, carried cargo to Guam, transported Japanese prisoners of war back to San Francisco, and carried cargo to Okinawa, where she learned of the Japanese surrender.

Moving to the Philippines, Catron embarked occupation troops which she delivered to Japan in September. In October she brought over 500 former prisoners of war back to San Francisco. She then made two voyages from San Francisco to carry troops to the Philippines. In February 1946 she reported to Pearl Harbor to be stripped for use as a target ship in the Bikini atomic bomb tests. Afloat after the tests but contaminated by radioactivity, she was decommissioned in August 1946 and sunk as a target by USS Atlanta (CL-104) in May 1948.


Assista o vídeo: World of Warships: Sailing Through History, The USS ATLANTA (Janeiro 2022).